Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Rainer Werner Fassbinder was born in Bavaria, on May 31st, 1945. As a child, he went to cinema nearly every day and sometimes as many as three or four times per day. He dreamed about screen and stage. Ever since he was a child, he despised any rules and social systems: he completed his secondary education but left the school just before the final examinations; several times he applied to the Cinema and Television Academy in West Berlin but was never accepted there.
In fact, he did not need a diploma: he was so eager to make films that did not see any obstacles on his way. He made his first short film “The City Tramp” at the age of 21 and made another 42 films during the16 following years of his life. It would be hard to find another serious filmmaker in the history of cinema that would have done so much.
Underlying Fassbinder’s work was a desire to provoke and to disturb. His phenomenal creative energy co-existed with a wild, self-destructive libertinism that earned him a reputation as the ‘enfant terrible’ of the New German Cinema, as well as made him the central figure in his field. He had tortured personal relationships with the actors and technicians around him who formed a surrogate family. However, his films demonstrate his deep sensitivity to the social issues and his hatred for the institutionalized violence. He ruthlessly attacked both German bourgeois society and larger limitations of humanity.