Nikolai Gogol was born in the Ukrainian village of Sorochintsi,
in Poltava county of the Russian Empire on April 1, 1809.
In 1828 he left school and came to Saint-Petersbung. Gogol was
full of hopes of becoming a famous actor. After being judged as
unable, desperate, he began to write.
He wrote his first novel “Basavryuk or Kupala Night” when he was
21. Soon after its publication in the “National Notes” magazine,
he began to create the texts that would become basic in the
school programs of Russian literature for the next 500 years :
“Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka”, “May Night or the Drowned
Maiden”, “Viy”, “The Nose”, “The Old world Landowners”, “The
Portrait”, “Diary of a Madman”, “The Gamblers”, “Marriage”,
“The Inspector General”, “Taras Bulba”, “Dead Souls” and
many other short stories, novels and dramas.
During more than 10 years, he was abroad, travelling around the
world: from Italy to Palestine. In April 1848, Gogol returned to
Russia where he fell in a deep depression. On the night from
11thto 12th February 1852, he burned some of his manuscripts,
which contained most of the second part of the “Dead Souls”. Soon
thereafter, he died in his apartment in Moscow on February 21.