Luchino Visconti was born in Milano, on November 2, 1906. He was born into an ancient aristocratic family in Milan, one of seven children of the Grand Duke of Modrone and his wife Carla. His father owned a castle in Lombardy, served the Savoy dynasty, financed the “La Scala” theatre and was the head of the football club “Internationale” between 1914 and 1919. Visconti’s ancestors ruled Milan during two centiries; his complete title was “Nobile dei duchi, Duca di Crazzano Visconti, Conte di Lonate Pozzolo, Signore di Cordelo, Consignore di Somma, Consignore di Crenna, Consignone di Agnadello, Patrizio Milanese”.
He financed his first film “Obsession” in the middle of the war with his own and Italian communist party’s money. This one as well as some other Visconti’s films originated a whole new genre – neorealist films.
Step by step, Visconti left the simplicity of his early works, where he often used nonprofessional actors, and began to make large scale film sagas. One of these first epic works was “Rocco and his brothers”, the story of Southern Italians who migrated to Milan seeking financial stability. This film represents an encyclopaedia of Italian life after the war. Visconti’s most global project is “German trilogy”, which includes “Twilight of the Gods”, “Death in Venice” and “Ludwig”. In the end of his life, Visconti became a real cinema aesthete. He created films where each shot resembles a Renaissance painting and where profound philosophical meanings strike imagination.